Which Programming Language Should I Learn First?

Programming is one of the best career choices ever in today’s era as more and more services are going online. And it becomes a challenge to anyone who chooses coding as a career. At young age, beginners are changing their minds and keep jumping from one programming language to another, and always worrying about making the wrong decision. For them the most popular question is that which is the best programming language to learn for a beginner like me? There are many different languages available to choose from, but the problem here is what to choose? In this article, we are trying to solve some of your doubts.

Learning the first language is always difficult

Actual language doesn’t matter much. Yes, you read that right. It is you that think – it does matter too much. Because many programming languages, at their core, are very similar to each other. Definitely, their syntax will be different, their set of codes will be different. But they will have the basic constructs for looping, branching and calling methods. Some of the languages are so similar that if you know one language, you almost already know the other one. One of the best example for this is C# and Java. So it will be difficult for you to learn only first language. Once you learn the first one, second one will be easier for you. And after learning two or three languages, every other language for you is easier to learn. Sometimes, it happens that you’ve learnt one language and you’ll have to work on another language at your work. But it will be easier for you to learn the newer one as you tried so much to learn first language.

Why do you want to learn to code?

If you want to go for just one project or website, it will be easier to choose. For example, if you want to build a normal website, you need to learn HTML, CSS along with JavaScript and one other language for interactivity. And if you want to make an app then go for Objective-C or swift for iOS apps and Java for Android apps.

But if you’re thinking beyond one specific project, and want to learn a few languages, it’s best to start with learning the basic concepts of programming. In that case, no matter what is your first programming language, you can apply those skills in learning a new one.

Factors that affect while picking a programming language

  • Job Prospects

    Mostly everyone think the job prospects of a particular programming language while picking up one. For any popular languages, at any given time there are going to be plenty of jobs available for sure. They might rise or fall in popularity, but if you think by job prospects, there will be job availability for most popular languages. For example, now a days, C#, Java, C++, Python, Ruby, Javascript are in demand. There is no shortage for developers who code in one of these. But one thing you need to keep in mind is, your location also can affect while picking a language. For example, Banglore has many Java companies as compared to Ahmedabad. So it may happen that people from Ahmedabad might choose other language. But there is no issue for those who are ready to relocate.

  • Future of the language

    Another factor that affect is future of the language. For example, if you want to choose Objective-C as a career, then it would be a wrong choice as iOS developers are shifting from Objective-C to Swift. And apple also has invested in Swift programming language. But if you’re already working in Objective-C then don’t worry, there are still many jobs of these to maintain old sites. Of course, you never know what is going to happen. It is difficult to predict which languages are going to be popular for long and which are not.

  • Technology you’re interested in

    One of the main and simplest consideration when picking a programming language is in which technology you’re interested in. If you start with a technology, the language choice can be easier. Many developers work with Android because they love technology, not because they love Java. But they learnt Java for Android. And this excitement made this very easier for them to learn Java or any other language. You definitely can choose your first language based on what excites you the most, because the more you’re interested in and excited about, the easier it will be to stick with it.

  • Difficulty level

    Another major factor is difficulty level. As we know, every language is not on the same level of difficulty. Some of them are much more difficult than others. For example, C++ is not at all so easy compare to other languages like C, Ruby, PHP. So, I would not prefer you to start with learning C++. Though it is one of the best languages but what I’m trying to say is – it’s not easiest to learn. If you’re one of them who want to start by C++, then you can surely do that, but you should at least look their aspects.

  • Adaptability

    Final point to be taken is Adaptability. Some languages are more adaptable than others. For example, C# language is most adaptable one. As C# is available on every platform. You can use C# to write Linux and Mac applications, also can write Android and iOS applications completely in C#. JavaScript is also adaptable. More and more programming languages—especially popular ones—are being ported to more platforms and used in a variety of different technologies, but there are still some that are not as versatile.

Choosing your Path

Even though I have listed some points to be considered but still I will say that actual language you want to learn is not important. What is important is that you pick something and stick with it long enough to get proficiency. Many just left in between because they got frustrated as they feel like they are not getting it. So stick with the same because switching from one to another is not a good idea.  

Krupa Patel
Krupa Patel is a very passionate person. She is managing Steady Steps besides producing quality blogs for students, freshers and even experienced professionals to enhance their professional skills.

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